Biomes Desert We've all seen deserts in the movies. They are full of miles and miles of sand dunes. However, not all deserts are like this. Many deserts are rocky with scattered plants and shrubs.
Messenger Of all the bastards of places this is the greatest bastard in the world. Conditions Many factors contributed to making the Gallipoli battlefield an almost unendurable place for all soldiers. The constant noise, cramped unsanitary conditions, disease, stenches, daily death of comrades, terrible food, lack of rest and thirst all contributed to the most gruelling conditions.
The Anzacs were literally clinging onto the edge of a cliff with the sea at their backs and the Turks occupying the higher ground. They were forced to dig extensive trench and tunnels systems and to endure a semi-subterranean existence of cramped and filthy living and working conditions under constant shellfire.
Anzac soldiers in a trench at Lone Pine, August AWM Incessant noise from shelling, bombing, artillery, machine-gun and rifle fire caused psychological and physiological problems for the soldiers.
These included shell shock, stress from unceasing exposure to loud mechanical noises, hearing impairment and lack of sleep. The cramped conditions and steep terrain left few safe places for men to rest in the front line on Second Ridge above Anzac Cove.
Food Food was a major concern to Anzac soldiers. Much has been written about the food rations provided for the Anzacs at Gallipoli, including the dark, humorous odes to bully beef and impenetrably hard army biscuits in The Anzac Book.
There is no denying that the rations issued to the Anzacs provided very poor nutrition due to the unvarying diet of processed foods: The diet was varied sometimes by sugar, condensed milk, rice and cocoa, but there was a distinct lack of fresh fruit or vegetables for the Anzacs.
AWM These rations were intended to be lived on for only short periods of time by British army divisions, not for extended months as was the case at Gallipoli. Living on these rations caused major health problems for the soldiers. So prevalent on the Anzac battlefields were the food cans in which these rations were issued that their remains can still be found around the sites of Anzac trenches and dugouts.
The Turkish forces were provided with a wider variety of food. This was centrally prepared by cooks and consisted of fresh local foods, although it was often lacking in meat.
French and Indian divisions had much better rations than Anzacs, with more vegetables and bread. Disease The poor nutritional content of the British rations contributed to the physical decline of the Anzac and British troops at Gallipoli.
It also increased their susceptibility to disease, which spread rapidly during the summer months of the campaign. Sick soldiers waiting to be evacuated from Anzac Cove, August Dysentery, tetanus and septic wounds plagued the soldiers and necessitated the evacuation of thousands of men from the battlefield.
The latrines were open and rudimentary. There were no bathing facilities and few opportunities to wash bodies or clothes.
The unburied corpses in and around the front-line areas were the perfect breeding ground for flies. These were almost unbearable in the summer months. The flies were so thick that soldiers could not eat without their biscuits and jam being blackened with flies.
Flies spread diseases rapidly through the troops living in cramped, over-crowded trenches and dugouts and unable even to wash their hands. Lice were also a major problem for soldiers during the summer months. Soldiers in front-line positions were issued only small amounts of water per day and the water quality was poor.
Thirst and dehydration were common amongst the men. Often their only drink was extremely strong black tea. Other factors that characterised the life of soldiers during the conflict were psychological.
These included homesickness, fear and anxiety, the constant threat of death, killing and grief at the loss of mates, brothers and comrades on a daily basis.
Overall, these were appalling conditions, which indicate the wholly inadequate planning and response of the British and Allied military authorities to basic human needs and a failure in their duty of care to their soldiers.
The Anzac soldiers earned the respect of others largely because of the projected image of their laconic good humour in the face of the most terrible circumstances.In the central African rain forests (along the Equator) warm to hot climate conditions are the norm with very high humidity; Africa's heaviest rains fall in this area.
In the far south, the Kalahari Desert, a large semi-arid sandy savannah covers much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa. The Atacama desert in South America is dry because two air masses carrying little or no moisture meet and form dry stable conditions.
The Gobi desert in Asia and the Great Victoria desert in Australia are dry because they are a long way from the ocean and moisture-laden clouds do not reach them.
Introduction: The tropical rainforest is earth’s most complex biome in terms of both structure and species diversity. It occurs under optimal growing conditions: abundant precipitation and year round warmth.
There is no annual rhythm to the forest; rather each . Like most major deserts across the world the Australian deserts can be found around a certain latitude (roughly 30° north/south of the equator) where the weather phenomena create a dry climate: Hot moist air rises at the equator.
Desert climates Deserts are areas where the rainfall is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or only very scanty scrub.
The rainfall in desert areas is less than 25 mm or 10 inches per year, and some years may experience no rainfall at all. The Sahara Desert is the greatest and the hottest desert in the world. It is spread over 9,, Square Km. It covers the entire North Africa and thus, makes it as big as the United States.
The desert starts from the red sea, over to the Mediterranean, cross to some parts of the Atlantic Ocean.