They had two other children: Nietzsche's father died from a brain ailment in ; Ludwig Joseph died six months later at age two.
His father died inand the family relocated to Naumburg, where he grew up in a household comprising his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and his younger sister, Elisabeth. Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career, culminating in May when he was called to a chair in classical philology at Basel.
At age 24, he was the youngest ever appointed to that post. Before the opportunity at Basel arose, Nietzsche had planned to pursue a second Ph. When he was a student in Leipzig, Nietzsche met Richard Wagner, and after his move to Basel, he became a frequent guest in the Wagner household at Villa Tribschen in Lucerne.
His first book, The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Musicwas not the careful work of classical scholarship the field might have expected, but a controversial polemic combining speculations about the collapse of the tragic culture of fifth century Athens with a proposal that Wagnerian music-drama might become the source of a renewed tragic culture for contemporary Germany.
These essays are known collectively as the Untimely Meditations. When he sent the book to the Wagners early init effectively ended their friendship: As a result, he was freed to write and to develop the style that suited him.
He published a book almost every year thereafter. These works began with Daybreakwhich collected critical observations on morality and its underlying psychology, and there followed the mature works for which Nietzsche is best known: In later years, Nietzsche moved frequently in the effort to find a climate that would improve his health, settling into a pattern of spending winters near the Mediterranean usually in Italy and summers in Sils Maria, Switzerland.
His symptoms included intense headaches, nausea, and trouble with his eyesight. Recent work Huenemann has convincingly argued that he probably suffered from a retro-orbital meningioma, a slow-growing tumor on the brain surface behind his right eye.
One who creates new values is called ubermensch (overman / superman) There are many Nietzsches: the psychologist, the Antichrist, Dionysus, the geneaologist, the literary critic, music critic, the social critic, the polemicist, the muscian, the poet. People associate Nietzsche with nihilism, but his theory was a critique of nihilism. However, Superman does find an adversary in the mold of the Nietzschean Übermensch in the recurring arch-villain Lex Luthor,  his greatest enemy on Earth. Luthor is preceded, even, by a supervillain resembling Siegel's original concept for Superman bearing the synonymous name of ' Ultra-Humanite '. Nietzsche’s Superman. share. The Superman theory and the genetic interpretation: Before presenting what the Superman Nietzsche, first get up misunderstandings by explaining what is not the Superman. “All beings till now have created beyond themselves something greater than themselves. What is the ape to man?
In JanuaryNietzsche collapsed in the street in Turin, and when he regained consciousness he wrote a series of increasingly deranged letters. His close Basel friend Franz Overbeck was gravely concerned and travelled to Turin, where he found Nietzsche suffering from dementia.
After unsuccessful treatment in Basel and Jena, he was released into the care of his mother, and later his sister, eventually lapsing entirely into silence. He lived on untilwhen he died of a stroke complicated by pneumonia. Critique of Religion and Morality Nietzsche is arguably most famous for his criticisms of traditional European moral commitments, together with their foundations in Christianity.
This critique is very wide-ranging; it aims to undermine not just religious faith or philosophical moral theory, but also many central aspects of ordinary moral consciousness, some of which are difficult to imagine doing without e.
By the time Nietzsche wrote, it was common for European intellectuals to assume that such ideas, however much inspiration they owed to the Christian intellectual and faith tradition, needed a rational grounding independent from particular sectarian or even ecumenical religious commitments.
Then as now, most philosophers assumed that a secular vindication of morality would surely be forthcoming and would save the large majority of our standard commitments. Christianity no longer commands society-wide cultural allegiance as a framework grounding ethical commitments, and thus, a common basis for collective life that was supposed to have been immutable and invulnerable has turned out to be not only less stable than we assumed, but incomprehensibly mortal—and in fact, already lost.
The response called for by such a turn of events is mourning and deep disorientation. Indeed, the case is even worse than that, according to Nietzsche. Not only do standard moral commitments lack a foundation we thought they had, but stripped of their veneer of unquestionable authority, they prove to have been not just baseless but positively harmful.
Unfortunately, the moralization of our lives has insidiously attached itself to genuine psychological needs—some basic to our condition, others cultivated by the conditions of life under morality—so its corrosive effects cannot simply be removed without further psychological damage.
Still worse, the damaging side of morality has implanted itself within us in the form of a genuine self-understanding, making it hard for us to imagine ourselves living any other way. Thus, Nietzsche argues, we are faced with a difficult, long term restoration project in which the most cherished aspects of our way of life must be ruthlessly investigated, dismantled, and then reconstructed in healthier form—all while we continue somehow to sail the ship of our common ethical life on the high seas.However, Superman does find an adversary in the mold of the Nietzschean Übermensch in the recurring arch-villain Lex Luthor,  his greatest enemy on Earth.
An Israeli historian who performed a statistical analysis of everything Nietzsche wrote about Jews claims that cross references and context make clear that almost all (85%) negative comments are actually attacks on Christian doctrine or, sarcastically, on Richard Wagner. Related to his theory of the will to power, is his speculation Era: 19th-century philosophy. The term Übermensch, often translated as Superman or Overman, was not invented by Nietzsche. The concept of hyperanthropos can be found in the ancient writings of Lucian. For Nietzsche, the idea of Übermensch was more like a vision than a theory. It suddenly surfaced in his consciousness during the memorable summer of in Sils . Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This and in modern science's evolutionary and heliocentric theory.  Fredrick Appel's Nietzsche Contra Democracy (Cornell University Press, ), and Domenico Losurdo's Nietzsche.
Luthor is preceded, even, by a supervillain resembling Siegel's original concept for Superman bearing the synonymous name of ' Ultra-Humanite '. The term Übermensch, often translated as Superman or Overman, was not invented by Nietzsche.
The concept of hyperanthropos can be found in the ancient writings of Lucian. For Nietzsche, the idea of Übermensch was more like a vision than a theory.
It suddenly surfaced in his consciousness during the memorable summer of in Sils . Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a literary and social critic, not a systematic philosopher. In ethics, the chief target of his criticism was the Judeo-Christian tradition. In ethics, the chief target of his criticism was the Judeo-Christian tradition.
One who creates new values is called ubermensch (overman / superman) There are many Nietzsches: the psychologist, the Antichrist, Dionysus, the geneaologist, the literary critic, music critic, the social critic, the polemicist, the muscian, the poet.
People associate Nietzsche with nihilism, but his theory was a critique of nihilism. On the Philosophy of the Superman Preface in a contemporary analysis it would also be necessary to consider the influence that Nietzsche had on many avant-garde artists and intellectuals in the past century.
progress?), Gueroi i Tolpa (Heroes and the crowd), Teoria Darvin obchtchestvennaia Nauka i (The Theory of Darwin and Social. — Friedrich Nietzsche, KSA , taken from The Will to Power, section , translated by Walter Kaufmann Nietzsche approaches the problem of nihilism as a deeply personal one, stating that this problem of the modern world is a problem that has "become conscious" in him.
Alma mater: University of Bonn, Leipzig University.