Play media Real time MRI scan of a person speaking in Mandarin Chinese Spoken language relies on human physical ability to produce soundwhich is a longitudinal wave propagated through the air at a frequency capable of vibrating the ear drum.
Characteristics of language Definitions of language Many definitions of language have been proposed. Henry Sweet, an English phonetician and language scholar, stated: Words are combined into sentences, this combination answering to that of ideas into thoughts.
Trager formulated the following definition: A number of considerations marked in italics below enter into a proper understanding of language as a subject: Every physiologically and mentally typical person acquires in childhood the ability to make use, as both sender and receiver, of a system of communication that comprises a circumscribed set of symbols e.
In spoken languagethis symbol set consists of noises resulting from movements of certain organs within the throat and mouth. In signed languagesthese symbols may be hand or body movements, gestures, or facial expressions.
By means of these symbols, people are able to impart information, to express feelings and emotions, to influence the activities of others, and to comport themselves with varying degrees of friendliness or hostility toward persons who make use of substantially the same set of symbols.
Different systems of communication constitute different languages; the degree of difference needed to establish a different language cannot be stated exactly. No two people speak exactly alike; hence, one is able to recognize the voices of friends over the telephone and to keep distinct a number of unseen speakers in a radio broadcast.
Yet, clearly, no one would say that they speak different languages. Generally, systems of communication are recognized as different languages if they cannot be understood without specific learning by both parties, though the precise limits of mutual intelligibility are hard to draw and belong on a scale rather than on either side of a definite dividing line.
Substantially different systems of communication that may impede but do not prevent mutual comprehension are called dialects of a language. In order to describe in detail the actual different language patterns of individuals, the term idiolectmeaning the habits of expression of a single person, has been coined.
Typically, people acquire a single language initially—their first language, or native tongue, the language used by those with whom, or by whom, they are brought up from infancy.
Complete mastery of two languages is designated as bilingualism ; in many cases—such as upbringing by parents using different languages at home or being raised within a multilingual community—children grow up as bilinguals.
Language, as described above, is species-specific to human beings. Other members of the animal kingdom have the ability to communicate, through vocal noises or by other means, but the most important single feature characterizing human language that is, every individual languageagainst every known mode of animal communication, is its infinite productivity and creativity.
Animal communication systems are by contrast very tightly circumscribed in what may be communicated. Indeed, displaced reference, the ability to communicate about things outside immediate temporal and spatial contiguity, which is fundamental to speech, is found elsewhere only in the so-called language of bees.
Bees are able, by carrying out various conventionalized movements referred to as bee dances in or near the hive, to indicate to others the locations and strengths of food sources. But food sources are the only known theme of this communication system. Surprisingly, however, this system, nearest to human language in function, belongs to a species remote from humanity in the animal kingdom.Princeton's WordNet ( / 11 votes) Rate this definition.
language, linguistic communication (noun). a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language .
Language: Language is a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by which individuals express themselves. Define language.
language synonyms, language pronunciation, language translation, English dictionary definition of language. n. 1.
a. Communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures, or . about language, but as a first step towards a definition we can say that it is a system of communication based upon words and the combination of words into sentences.
Communication by means of language may be referred to as linguistic. Students are expected to master a second language. Holidays are for seeing the sights, hearing the language and savouring the smells.
Language is the use of a system of communication which consists of a set of sounds or written symbols.
Students examined how children acquire language. Language is. language meaning: 1. a system of communication consisting of sounds, words, and grammar, or the system of communication used by people in a particular country or type of work: 2.
a system of communication by speaking, writing, or making signs in a way that .