Expert Opinions Two experts debate the pros and cons of medical marijuana, offering opinions on whether it should be legalized.
Also, rates of marijuana use are often higher in people with symptoms of depression or anxiety, as reported by the NIDA.
Medical Marijuana Essay Examples. 40 total results. The Misrepresentation of Marijuana on Society. words. 2 pages. Experts' View on Potential Medical Uses of Marijuana. 9, words. 21 pages. An Analysis of the Marketing Strategy for Medical Marijuana. 1, words. Not only does that make it illegal to possess, it also limits medical studies into the potential benefits of cannabis. With strong supporters on each side of the debate, the arguments for and against the legalization of marijuana are hot topics. "This area is where medicinal marijuana is abused," says Ken Gershman, MD, manager of the Medical Marijuana Research Grant Program at the Colorado Department of .
There have been no reports of THC overdose leading to death. Marijuana Effects on the Heart Shortly after smoking marijuana the heart rate increases drastically and may remain elevated for up to 3 hours.
This effect may be enhanced if other drugs are taken with marijuana. One study from Mittleman, et al has suggested that the risk of heart attack may increase by up to 4. The effect may be due to the increased heart rate, as well as altered heart rhythms.
The risk of heart attack may be greater in those with specific risk factors such as patients with high blood pressure, heart arrhythmia, or other cardiac disease. Harvard Health also reports that the risk of a heart attack is several times higher in the hour after smoking marijuana than it would be normally, and this should be a red flag for anyone with a history of heart disease.
The risk of stroke may be increased, as well. Marijuana Effects on the Lungs After smoking marijuana, the bronchial passage relaxes and becomes enlarged. Marijuana smoke contains many of the same cancer-causing chemicals found in cigarette smoke, often in greater quantities, as reported by Mehmedic and colleagues.
Both types of smoke contain cancer-causing nitrosamines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, vinyl chlorides, and phenol per research reported by Martinasek.
Studies have shown that marijuana smoke contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than tobacco smoke, and is an irritant to the lungs. Marijuana users tend to inhale more deeply and hold their breath longer than tobacco smokers do, which further increases lung exposure to carcinogenic smoke.
People who smoke marijuana often have the same respiratory problems as cigarette smokers. These individuals may have daily cough and phlegm, symptoms of chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and more frequent chest colds.
A systematic review of the respiratory effects of inhalational marijuana from Martinasek, et al indicates that there is a risk of lung cancer from inhalational marijuana as well as an association between inhalational marijuana and spontaneous pneumothorax, emphysema, or COPD.
In the review, eight of the 12 studies indicated an increased risk of lung cancer from cannabis use or cases indicating lung cancer occurrence.
Drug Interactions With Marijuana Combining marijuana with other CNS depressant drugs that also cause drowsiness or sedation such as alcohol, barbiturates, sedating antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, opiate pain killers, etc can magnify the drowsiness.
DO NOT drive if you are under the influence of marijuana, alcohol or any sedating drug. A study from Hartman, et al shows that low doses of alcohol can significantly elevate the concentrations of THC in the blood.
Marijuana use can raise the heart rate tachycardia and may be dangerous if used with other drugs that may also increase the heart rate. People with cardiovascular disease should avoid marijuana use.
The cannabinoids in marijuana THC, cannabidiol can affect liver enzymes and may alter the blood levels and effects of medications. Drug interactions are often unpredictable or undocumented with marijuana and extreme caution should be exercised.
These numbers could rise as more states continue to legalize marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes. Due to possible adverse effects of marijuana on the fetus, ACOG recommends that marijuana should be avoided during pregnancy. Any drug of abuse can affect a mother's health.
THC appears to cross the placenta, according to Davies et al. Human fetuses exhibit the cannabinoid receptor type 1 in the nervous system as early as 14 weeks of gestation, and animal studies suggest cannabinoid exposure may lead to abnormal brain development.
As reported by de Moraes Barro and colleagues, babies born to adolescents who used marijuana during pregnancy have shown adverse neurological behavior effects of the newborns in the first 24 to 78 hours after delivery. Most reports do not show an association between marijuana use and preterm birth.
However, as noted by ACOG, studies have suggested the use of marijuana with tobacco may increase the risk for preterm delivery.
In addition, research demonstrates that babies born to mothers who used marijuana during pregnancy at least once per week or more were smaller than those born to mothers who used the drug less frequently.
Studies on school performance have shown differing results: THC is excreted in breast milk, according to Davies, et al. ACOG recommends that marijuana use be discontinued during breastfeeding.
The scientific data are not strong enough to determine the risk to the nursing infant."This area is where medicinal marijuana is abused," says Ken Gershman, MD, manager of the Medical Marijuana Research Grant Program at the Colorado Department of . Experts emphasize that anyone using marijuana – for medical or recreational purposes – should discuss not only any potential health concerns but .
Medical Marijuana Pros and Cons: Expert Opinions Two experts debate the pros and cons of medical marijuana, offering opinions on whether it should be legalized.
[Editor’s note: This article was originally hosted on plombier-nemours.com, our sister site. The American public largely supports the legalization of medical marijuana. At least 84% of the public believes the drug should be legal for medical uses. The global medical marijuana market is expected to reach a value of USD billion by , according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc.
It has been identified that, in , Washington D.C. along with 28 states have legalized marijuana for medical uses. In , states such as Arkansas. When using it, you don’t know its potential to cause cancer, its purity, potency, or side effects.
Only people who have a card from a doctor should use medical marijuana.